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Relations Between England and the United States p.82
  Relations Between England and the United States p.82
After the Revolutionary War relations between Great Britain and the United States the two countries were difficult. The British were hostile to Americans because they were worried that the United States would start supporting France's war efforts in Europe against Great Britain.
American's resented Great Britain's practice of impressment. Impressment meant that the British would take sailors from American ships at sea and force them to serve in the British Royal Navy. Great Britain claimed that they were only after men who had deserted the Navy during the Revolutionary War; however, it was clear that many American sailors were being wrongfully forced into service. There were also claims that the British were encouraging First, or Native Americans to make raids on settlements in the northern colonies, close to the British territory of Canada.
On June 22, 1807, the Leopard, a British ship, stopped an American ship, the Chesapeake, off the coast of Virginia. The Leopard fired on the Chesapeake, killing three American sailors and impressing four more into service. Americans were outraged by the attack on the Chesapeake. The United States declared war on Great Britain in 1812. Many people consider the War of 1812 to be the “second war of independence.” Although it ended in stalemate—neither side could claim to have won––America proved its strength by withstanding British attempts to reclaim American soil.

The United States ship the Chesapeake was attacked by the British ship the Leopard, causing outrage among many American citizens.

  The Chesapeake vs. the Leopard
Read a description of the confrontation between the Chesapeake and the Leopard.


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